Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected forms of clothes originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of fashion and content.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Company rule in India.[seven]
The worldwide usage of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, and also the British affect on the broader Western entire world through the Victorian period. Pajamas had been launched to England as "lounging apparel" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell away from vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain and the Western planet as sleeping apparel for guys until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is used by a variety of folks in India e.g. by Ladies of varied courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night attire, and it is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the pattern like a great several Some others within the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Utilized Click here in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was occasionally the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it is actually due to White Ants."[ten]
Conventional pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mixture made from gentle cloth, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket front and its sleeves muske pidzame don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, either which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are frequently sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas in many cases are referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (often known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They can be rather unusual.
Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style like small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of products. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and could also be footed.
Although pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases provided the latter More being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown best above shorts or quick pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well nowadays confer with Girls's mixture daywear, especially in the US where they turned well known while in the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.